Once we speak about education, we cannot avoid two most significant components of learning and teaching. We should always take into account emotional and mental attitudes to educational process. Successful education presupposes cognitive improvement of learners against creative background of mental and emotional motivations. Nowadays particular attention is paid to ways of teaching and assessment of knowledge acquisition. It is very good to find out and recognize talented students at the initial stages of educational process and help them to attain their purposes in the most truly effective way. In this context, it is difficult to overvalue the investigations in the aspects of memory, motivations, and emotions. No less important can be students’emotional attitude to learning and teaching. Here such factor as college humor plays an important part.
Principles and values in education
Those teachers who keep to the best principles and values in education get useful multifaceted support within their professional work, helping them to produce practical activity most efficient and adding to enlightenment of the pupils. There are sciences such as psychology, sociology, and philosophy that make particular contribution to assisting in logical investigation of behavior and attitudes of the students. Today’s day education demonstrates the resurgence of interest to these disciplines becoming the inseparable part of all high quality educational programs. Educationalists accumulated significant quantity of knowledge about learning processes, individual a reaction to teaching, and educational prospects.
Educational psychology and mental approach to teaching
Numerous mental approaches to teaching presuppose that education must develop such qualities as intellect and correct attitudes to knowledge keeping to everlasting values. The best choice of the best material clarifies the mind and increases intellectual potential. The training is grounded on replication and committing to memory. Intellectual potential of the teacher in cases like this plays particularly significant part. However, in this manner of teaching also takes into consideration psychological features of young students. The mental approach understands the mind as numerous comparatively autonomous abilities a course in miracles free. The principles of this process value such qualities as reason, feelings, knowledge, duty, sound judgment, perception, and action. School subjects are valued for what they’re worth of and for what abilities they develop.
How nature helps to produce emotional attitude to learning
People are caused by natural development and the teacher must create the very best conditions for mental and emotional growth. The student’s personal experience becomes central and educational process should offer the most suitable conditions for the development. In this case particular attention is paid to action and skills. Teachers want encourage interest to learning with particular reliance upon student’s proper forces and resources, and with particular attention to impulsive, impromptu creativity.
Reflexes and associations in learning and teaching
Learning how to distinguish objects, terms, symbols, and the language of language, as a matter of fact, is the process of forming conditional reflexes. In this case the learner creates the tools to solve problems. Learning becomes an active process helping to manage with further tasks. Moreover, not only the mental abilities, but also the emotions might be developed in this way. You can experience emotional arousal even in broader than original associated circumstances. Experts affirm that college humor could become useful contributing emotional component from this standpoint. These approaches may also explain positive and negative attitudes of students to learning and educational institutions. Learning also presupposes creating of associations between various constituents. Mental and emotional activity makes some ideas conscious at once sending other thoughts to subconsciousness. New information is related to old ones forming the basis for associative thinking. Moreover, old associations may also undergo transformations owing to new experience.
Gestalt psychology and education
Gestalt psychologists affirm that the whole is more than the simple amount of the composing elements. The training presupposes assimilation of these components that be seemingly most crucial with subsequent reconsideration. This multi-level structural approach can result in understanding and solution of varied problems. The Gestalt approach attracts attention to the idea of the whole, the relations of the composing elements, and modifications of mental structures in the form of adaptation and adjustment.
Developmental stages and power of knowledge
Educationalists mention to the developmental stages of mental and emotional growth. The teacher must detect the learner’s capabilities and offer suitable resources and techniques to produce them. The growth through various intellectual stages along with active experience is essential. Cognitive approach pays particular attention to the way in which of thinking in acquiring knowledge. Perception and action go before the ability to operate with symbols and pave the way in which for comprehensive thinking. Thinking presupposes the encouragement of intellectual awareness, play with ideas, choosing of suitable suggestions, and substantiation of appropriateness. The incentive to cognitive education may be the direct consequence of the learner’s intellectual aspirations and efforts.